Father Kino

Father Eusebio Francisco Kino was the first European to visit the Piman Indian settlements in the location that would later become Tucson. He named the area San Cosme de Tucsón some time after his first visit in 1694. Appropriately, this statue is on Kino Blvd.img_3832-copy7.jpg

I think its fairly evident that the Spanish colonization in the 17th and 18th centuries of what is now Mexico and parts of the US was not ultimately to the advantage of the indigenous peoples who lived there. That said, I think it is not unreasonable to separate this man from that backround – which he was a very significant part of as a missionary and leader – and say he was remarkable man, probably even a good man.

He was an Italian Jesuit who came to Mexico in 1681. He was an intellectual – a mathematician, a cartographer and an astronomer. He believed in a respectful approach to the Indians who lived there and that “this is neither well nor sufficiently achieved when one sits perched on his chair ordering subordinates or Indian officials to do what we should be doing personally by sitting down time and again with them on earthen floors or on a rock.” He was a linguist who learned many native languages, an explorer who traveled into the Pimera Alta at the age of 43, traveling some 30,000 kilometers in 24 years through what is now northern Sonoran Mexico and southern Arizona.

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6 Comments

Filed under Father Kino, History of the Soutwest

6 responses to “Father Kino

  1. Nice pic, I can feel the gentleness and power of the horse.

  2. I like the horse too. The viewpoint is partly because the statue is on a base that itself is about 6ft (2m?) tall.

  3. Meg

    Wow, what a fantastic shot! I can feel the horse’s breath!

  4. Thanks Meg! Its a very well done sculpture on a lonely corner. The horse deserves some credit too for being the one who actually walked all that way.

  5. Press Release
    For immediate release

    May 14, 2010

    Contact: Anthony Merrill, J.D. 602-650-2310

    Patricia Haight, Ph.D. 480-430-4011

    Historical Documents Point to Introduction of Wild Horses in Arizona’s Apache Sitgreaves National Forests by Coronado Expedition as Early as 1540

    Compelling evidence discovered dating first introduction of Apache Sitgreaves wild horses to 1540 Coronado expedition

    (Phoenix, AZ, May 14, 2010) Recent research by a Conquistador Program representative has led to the discovery of several books by authorities on the 1540 expedition of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado. This material presents compelling evidence that Coronado, in his expedition to the Cibolas in New Mexico, spent a considerable amount of time on the Mogollon rim, traveling near to what is now Pinetop, McNary, Vernon and St. Johns on his way to New Mexico in search of the Seven Cities of Gold. There also is considerable evidence from this material and muster logs of the 1540 Coronado expedition that the explorers had scores of Spanish horses as mounts and additional horses handled by servants as remounts much the same as Father Eusebio Kino who also brought horses to the area in the 17th century.

    The muster records of the Coronado expedition provide numbers of horses per soldier. Logs of the conquistadors also show that the horses brought to Apache Sitgreaves and other areas of North America are the prototypical colors of the Barb and Andalusian used by Coronado and later by Eusebio Kino. These colors include chestnut, black, buckskin, gray and bay, the colors of many of the Apache Sitgreaves horses today.

    The recently reviewed historical material also indicates that Coronado, like Father Eusebio Kino, let his horses roam free when he camped in places on the Mogollon Rim where there were meadows and forage. Some experts on indigenous species in North America date the horse in North America to prehistoric times. The ancestor of the horse then migrated to Eurasia where the wild horses there were domesticated and ultimately their ancestors ended up in Europe including Spain. Thus the Coronado Expedition is credited by some experts with re-introducing the horse in North America (not just introducing the horse) because the early ancestor of the horse was here thousands of years ago until the Eurasia migration. The evidence is compelling that the Apache Sitgreaves horses were re-established in the area in 1540 with the Coronado Expedition, then again with the Kino Expedition in the 17th century and that later; soldiers may have introduced more in the 1870’s.

    The horses of Apache Sitgreaves have a long history of military equitation in the region. In his extensive article on the Coronado expedition for Arizona Highways Magazine, Stuart Udall wrote on his discovery of a river location where the Coronado expedition crossed at one point in Eastern Arizona, “I am reminded of the extent to which, for many centuries, horses played a major role. This very forest has been the scene of a dramatic pageant of military horsemanship. If we had a time machine to go back, we would have watched young Spaniards in the summer of 1540 astride the first European horses ever to stomp the ground in what is now the American Southwest.”

    ** Photograph of young Apache Sitgreaves wild black stallion with his herd taken by Gerri Wager in April 2010 and used with permission, all rights reserved.

    ###

    Patricia Haight, Ph.D.
    (480) 430-3702
    (480) 430-4011
    The Conquistador Equine Rescue & Advocacy Program
    A nonprofit 501c3 equine welfare organization
    Federal tax identification #20-8776240
    http://www.conquistadorprogram.org

    1 Attached Images

  6. Johne600

    Magnificent website. Lots of useful information here. Im sending it to some friends ans also sharing in delicious. And obviously, thanks for your sweat! bgdaafekegga

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